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Space exploration must work for everyone! With my plan of building Orbital Trains around Earth for many millions of settlers we’ll soon see how space benefits everyone.


I intend to build space homes on a large scale and let people have them at prices within their budget. I intend to launch a new economy of a new type, one of Orbital Train, one intended to work for all.


Orbital cars are fully autonomous space homes, or spacecraft of a new type where people will live, work and have holidays directly in orbit. By positioning a lot of space cars in a circle around Earth we get an Orbital Train all of whose cars are interconnected.


Our civilization faces crisis upon crisis upon crisis. We need to do something to tackle all of them, otherwise we’ll lose our planet, our cities, our land, fields, our crops, the air and water… We however have the solution: make space exploration work for all of us.


Building Orbital Trains will allow us to create space settlements in orbit large enough to host a population of a major city or even a megalopolis. Therefore our goals include providing all comforts of life in space homes. Our settlers will enjoy the comforts of homes with spacious dining rooms, kitchens, cabinets, bedrooms and have at their disposal goods of advanced quality, ranging from advanced kinds of refrigerators and washing machines to all possible kinds of gadgets and devices to make life better.


Among our goals are to form its own climate and ecosystem inside Orbital Train, to come up with wise and efficient life support systems that will regenerate water and the air, an ecosystem that will use biologically-inspired processes. We have to reduce the weight of spacecars and equipment and goods for living in space dramatically and at the same time achieve a sustainable safe environment.


In one Orbital Train there may be a million or two of space cars, each separate from another. But each of them is linked to next door ones with electromagnetic forces that will prevent their falling apart and from collision with each other as well. Thus a ring composed of space cars is going to be very dynamic and living structure. We are going to be in full control of this kind of structure dubbed Orbital Train.

There are going to emerge many rings of Orbital Trains around Earth and give shelter for humanity, for all people in the world, for every one of us. For the whole global population however large it is going to grow up.


From taking a look at what Orbital Train’s structure presents itself it is clear that the objectives while building one will include making about a million or so space cars at the same time, and putting them together into a whole one. It is the necessity of building a million and more – not fewer – of space cars that acts as a driver for new advances in science, for developing new technologies, and finally – for creating new industries and devising new manufacturing processes.


Making Orbital Train is oriented towards mass production. This naturally leads to the necessity of reducing prices for end customers. Making space cars will let us create new markets. By mass producing them we give rise to creating new jobs as we scale up manufacturing.


From the very beginning we set the objective of designing and building about a million of space cars simultaneously. And also objectives of bringing the prices to a level affordable to an average customer.

In the future as we keep building more Orbital Trains around the globe the prices will continue to decrease and an average space car will be within the same price range for a person as other options, traditional ones, he has when moving house.


In Orbital Trains production in the condition of weightlessness will be brought into reality and this way their building will pay off. This use of Orbital Trains will also boost the development of cutting-edge methods of production in space where weightlessness gives an advantage in many emerging industries, various types of nanotechnologies and many others where you need to obtain materials of higher than top quality and purity.


The first Orbital Trains to be built are going to become home for those involved in the fields of emerging technologies, scientists and researchers, for many of whom their labs are a home currently.


And by intensifying work on designing Orbital Trains we’ll make space technology we aim to develop work for the Earth, to help solve our crises out here.


Now let’s turn to ways to start building Orbital Trains.


We are looking for highly industrialized countries with infrastructure advanced enough to have built plants making orbital trains most efficiently.


Making orbital cars is going to be demanding in terms of technologies involved, in terms of scientific potential of the country, in terms of skills of highly qualified manpower.


Countries that do their best in setting up most advantageous conditions for research and development activities aimed at bringing Orbital Train to life will benefit most.


At the same time the number of new industries Orbital Train is going to give birth to is so enormous that the whole potential of the human race, the overall potential of all industrial countries, has still to be reinforced and multiplied to reach a level where we can really be able to enjoy all the benefits the project can bring about.


This leads us to the point that some of the countries have to take on the lead. We also need some sort of coordination between countries, between industries and the scientific community, between the public and private sectors.


Countries and nations have to distribute their roles sensibly and effectively.


There must be understanding in each of the countries about unseen before opportunities and vistas the building of Orbital Trains opens up.


The level of support from the public in each of different countries will largely define taking on more responsibility, more roles to play and more power by them.


The first step is holding conferences of researchers and scientists. We need to gather together researchers from different backgrounds and have them talk about advances in their areas. One objective of ours – and this cannot be stressed enough - is to come out to an absolutely new level of materials to be used in designs of space cars from the very beginning.


The countries who have invested in research and science can offer much more. Public money has been spent. And many prominent discoveries have been made. Many absolutely new devices are represented by nanometer-size structures that exist only in pioneering labs across the world. Orbital Train is going to make use of these and turn them into working technologies making the investment in them pay off as we want them to be made use of on a mass scale.


Again, making the entire Orbital Train makes sense when we produce as many as about a million or so space cars at a time and put them all together around the globe to form the full ring, one that is going to orbit Earth and never fall or go away. The underlying concept, one of space real estate, comes as a motivating force to attract investments from all those who want to have a space home or a share in it of their own.


And it is orientation towards mass production that will have to make the potential a certain country has achieved pay off.


At the first stage we have the objective to organize scientific conferences, R&D workshops, meetings of professionals in varied fields of knowledge.


And to this end we’ll give a hand to countries who may not be in a position of having that technological potential but are willing to host our conferences. That is, provide facilities, hotels, conference-halls of world class for participants to come from all over the world. These countries are desirable to have favorable climate and understand their role as a host of an international event.


Next, actual manufacturing space cars and all kinds of things to improve life and deliver comfort in space will take absolutely new approaches, new methods of production where we are going to be in control at atomic and sub-atomic levels of processes.


We are going to create absolutely new industries. To provide jobs for highly qualified personnel, to make sure they are paid well and further spend or invest their money – and this way give rise to new jobs. The rest of the populations of the countries involved will also benefit this way as the economies speed up.


Orbital Train will boost the economies of all the countries in a way that will provide sharing knowledge and technologies among all people of the world on an unseen before scale and bring well-being and prosperity to all.


Join Orbital Train community on G+.


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Quantum network will provide billions of people secure and fast connection. Researchers have yet to incorporate into it nodes of different types to make a bright quantum future the case.


And here we have a breakthrough, one in building a hybrid quantum system. Researchers managed to pass a qubit, a unit of quantum information, from one node based on cooled gas to another based on a rare-earth doped crystal. This is a sure sign of progress, so let's see how the work can be advanced further to consumer-oriented devices.


In the study researchers report they also changed the wavelength of a carrier of a qubit, i.e. a photon after generating it to fit into a conventional optical fiber used to link the two nodes. Upon receiving the wavelength was changed second time to match that of the receiving crystal itself.


Finally the team reports successful encoding.


"We demonstrate that quantum correlations between a photon and a single collective spin excitation in the cold atomic ensemble can be transferred to the solid-state system.


"We also show that single-photon time-bin qubits generated in the cold atomic ensemble can be converted, stored and retrieved from the crystal with a conditional qubit fidelity of more than 85 per cent.


"Our results open up the prospect of optically connecting quantum nodes with different capabilities and represent an important step towards the realization of large-scale hybrid quantum networks.

"Photonic quantum state transfer between a cold atomic gas and a crystal" read paper


What is the next step? As we are at ReptileCoin community going to provide our users with advanced quantum networks we need more research in this field, especially we aim to find ways of reducing costs for mass user. Therefore work to be done includes surveying and comparing different types of quantum nodes available. Looking at them in the perspective of being used as components of a network to come is to be in the focus of research we need and are going to support. It is being a part of a bigger network that might have impact on weighing pros and cons of different physical platforms representing nodes.


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How we can have our pets speak - let's look at advances in neuroscience that can highly likely lead us to a position of being able to develop speech in any creature having brains.

What happens in the brain when we hear something? Researchers took a patient who plays a piano well and recorded his brain activity when playing.

Then they turned the sound off and the same was done once again: this time the sound existed only in the brain. The striking results may suggest a way of developing a certain area in the brain that can compose music. And then a human - or any other creature with brains - can play the music by using mental power only. The sound of the music can be scanned or read from the brain directly - and music can be played out loud, in the form of sound waves and be heard by others.

Another way of advancing this result is to try to develop certain areas of the brain to reflect ideas we usualy express through words, that is speech. And then process the sound generated in the brain in a similar way - convert or translate the activity into sound that can be heard.

It is worth working in this direction to make a device that is able of reading brain activity in a creature and translate it straightaway into speech understandable by others.

Actually we might want to have this kind of reader-translator as we want to please all people keeping whatever pet they keep - dogs, cats, parrots, snakes, lizards, tortoises, even fish!

The goal at that is to make owners of pets even happier by enabling their pets with ability to sing songs, speak and have conversations.

Lets get back to the study which however was done on humans.

First, the participant played two piano pieces on an electronic piano with the sound volume of the digital keyboard on. Second, the participant replayed the same piano pieces, but without auditory feedback, and the participant was asked to imagine hearing the music in his mind. The result is similarities between perception and imagery was found.

The experiment done was a pretty simple one. Of our interest are ways to advance it.

The first thing we need to do is to determine what makes the two conditions different. That is to determine different mechanisms in the brain that are involved in a) generating music that is imaginary, unheard and b) actual hearing the sound in physical form. We are going to support this research and get involved in it many different teams.

The original paper is called "Neural Encoding of Auditory Features during Music Perception and Imagery: Insight into the Brain of a Piano Player". In terms of authors this research task is laid out this way:

"It remains unclear how the human cortex represents spectrotemporal sound features during auditory imagery, and how this representation compares to auditory perception.

This is the first turning point for further research.

The second is to replace recording electrocorticographic signals from electrodes in the brain with more suitable non-invasive technique to move towards developing devices for mass user, ones doing scanning and translation.

And the third turning point in research work to be done. We first focus on music, on auditory information that is reperesented by high and low frequency sounds. In more advanced research we are going to work on linguistic information, on its representation in the brain and ways to scan and translate it to be able to recreate it to be heard.
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                                                                                                             to Sara Loera


To save the world – and the human race from extinction- scientists propose to drill supervolcanos.


A supervolcano eruption could devastate humanity, the main threat being starvation all over the world during volcanic winter. One way of thinking about ways to prevent the apocalyptic scenario is to make sure we know exactly what is the trigger causing the eruption and to try to turn it off.


So what we can do about the danger and what research we need in order to be able to come up with a working plan - let’s get into it.


The Yellowstone National Park in the US is famous for hot springs. Through them heat leaks out of gigantic magma chambers under the ground. What is of interest is how we can utilize this heat. The prevailing belief is that humanity can calm supervolcanos down by cooling them down: there is a threshold in the amount of heat that accumulates inside a supervolcano after reaching which an explosive eruption happens. Therefore to prevent it from happening we need to make a supervolcano into a geothermal plant.


Lets consider this option. We drill far down inside a supervolcano in multiple places. Then we pump water down under pressure. The water is heated deep inside and comes back in the form of steam. We get energy through using turbines and obtain finally electricity.


Sounds well: instead of having a colossal bomb just underfoot we get electricity and can power whatever we want. But this sketch of what can be developed further into a plan raises a lot of questions.


First of all the very belief that if enough amount of heat builds up this causes an explosive supereruption needs to be checked. We need research on this.


Up to what depth do we need to drill down inside? In how many places?

What are provable ways to ensure we take into account all the magma chambers that are in play?

What amount of water will a super geothermal plant consume?

Under what pressure is the water going to be pumped down?

What are risks of damaging magma chambers in an undesired way and releasing harmful gases?


These are questions going into the subject of research work to be done in a way that ensure independent scientists are involved. No research of this kind has been done by far. So we are going to address to professionals with different backgrounds to find out how we can go about organizing this research. The discussion of the research to be carried out is publicly open.


One of the major challenges is to confront the corrosive power of volcanic setting. No material known can stand up to the high acidity and liquids in magma for long enough. Water pipes are not going to last for long and this alone makes any plan to harvest heat from supervolcano almost impossible to implement.


Any of this kind of plan is highly likely to come to a sticky end and effort to go to smoke without having developed absolutely new materials able to withstand the severe corrosive conditions inside magma chambers.


We face unprecedented technological challenge to create long-lasting reliable materials of absolutely new type. Let’s take on this task and get these materials developed.  First we can turn to nanotubes made from carbon and explore them as well as other options to be able to build on them needed machinery to be used in volcanic magma chambers.


We organize an expedition towards Yellowstone Park; we have to do it right now. If you are someone who is going to take part in it let you know it is the most dangerous adventure on the Earth,  and the time to go there is now. Join Orbital Train community on G+.


Author’s word.

As my mission on the Earth is to show humanity a way to stars we are going to build Orbital Trains around the planet and let billions settle in over there, on orbit.  My mission would not be completed without Space Musical in which people will find themselves flying to stars. And the first episode takes place in Yellowstone.


Volcanism is the very mass killer who has been behind all mass extinctions on the Earth in which entire species of animals and plants died out. The disaster is underway and humankind in next in line. What has happened to others will happened to us unless we find ways to harness the power rising up from the depth. The objective of expedition is to start arranging thing this way.


If supervolcanos like that awakening deep below Yellowstone Park are to be turned into geothermal plants, electricity should go to our plants where space cars for mass space settler will be produced, shouldn’t it? Besides this spot in North America we have some about 20 of them over there. They are also going to be made into plants. I want the research also to find out friendly to environment ways to operate over there.


Our goal is to make our way to stars so let's go ahead and let brilliant artists gather together in Space Musical and sing about it to make sure the whole humanity has got the message. The scenario of Space Musical is the scenario of you getting to space.


Love will save the world.

Admin

Orbital train, Part one


People from all over the world should look upon the orbital train as a means of investing their money and acquiring in return their property – or their share of property – in outer space.


As we are going to have built a long standing permanent construction in space capable of keeping its position in space and offering safe housings, this all can be looked upon as a game changer.


Unlike regular spacecraft and satellites the orbital train is going to offer a bit more real opportunity to invest in space.


The power of the free market has to be awakened and come ... more